A Synod is made up of all Bishops within a See and such other members and Clergy as may be considered appropriate.
A synod may be created by one of two processes.
- A Patriarch or Matriarch may form a synod within his or her See to provide assistance and advice as may be necessary.
- In a See without a Patriarch or Matriarch or a recognized existing Synod, a group of at least five Clergy, at least one of whom must be a Bishop may establish a Synod of that See. A Bishop may request a list of clergy from the Patriarch of the Church for the purpose of soliciting participation.
Where a Matriarch or a Patriarch of a See has created a Synod, the role and responsibilities shall be established by that individual.
Where a Synod has been established through cooperation amongst clergy, the role and responsibilities shall be established by negotiation. However, the following can be considered as possible functions:
- assuming the role of governance within the see in the absence of a Patriarch / Matriarch;
- selction of candidate to fill the position of Patriarch / Matriarch, followed by election and investiture;
- Ordination and appointment of new bishops within the see; or
- Ordination of new clergy within the see;
- Development of policies and procedures specific to the See
- Preparation of terms of reference, mission statement, incorporation etc.